The DNX875S is compatible with Kenwood’s DRV-N520 dash cam, and can accept two camera inputs. The iLX-107 model’s interface is relatively easy to use, with responsive capacitive volume buttons below the screen. Whether the screen is extended or tucked away, the nice, big volume knob on the front panel is easy to grasp, and the large forward- and back-track buttons are easy to hit. The screen can be adjusted for day or night modes manually, by setting a timer, or automatically when the car’s headlights are turned on. It wouldn’t be an Apple product if there wasn’t a music feature. *At the time of publishing, the price was $410. Once you have it, you won’t know how you lived without it. Luckily, that’s not the case. A highlight of this model is its handy volume knob, which few other double-DIN stereos share. But it's the Alpine TuneIt app that makes this unit special by turning your phone into your car's audio mixer. The new Sony XAV-AX5000 is very similar to our budget pick, except that it has a larger, 7-inch, bezel-less display and smaller, hard buttons across the bottom, rather than the XAV-AX100 model’s volume knob and left-mounted buttons. Unlike on the other Kenwoods we tested, the buttons are located on the left side of the screen, where they’re easier for a driver to reach, and the CD/DVD slot is visible above the 6.8-inch display. 14 Best Places to Listen to Free Music Online. Find low everyday prices and buy online for delivery or in-store pick-up Siri can help you read messages to you and send your reply, so your concentration can remain more on the road. The device fits double-DIN dash openings. You can get directions, make calls, send and receive messages, and enjoy your favorite music. Will this fit your car, and can you install it? Also, you can’t customize the buttons’ illumination colors. We adjusted the volume up and down for each function, because when you’re driving it always seems like you can’t hear what you need to (turn-by-turn nav instructions or a critical moment in an audiobook). With Bluetooth, the battery’s charge dropped to 98 and 97 percent, respectively, in the two tests. In addition to telling you if a specific stereo will fit, the Crutchfield site shows any extra installation gear you’ll need. If you do that, download the digital manual, which can be more complete than the included paperwork. The Sony XAV-AX100, our previous top pick, can be a good choice if you want Apple CarPlay or Android Auto and are willing to do without the versatility and extra features of our top pick. You can position it close to your face by slipping it onto a windshield visor or similar location. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The 8 Best Car Stereo Systems of 2020. Unlike with our other Pioneer picks’ wireless connectivity, however, you need to connect your phone to the AVH-3500NEX with a USB cord to use Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. When a new text comes in, Siri can read it to you. https://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/best-apple-carplay-head-unit-car-stereos Another concern some drivers have is if a CarPlay receiver can cleanly be swapped out with their existing stereo. We didn’t attempt to compare audio quality, as that depends so much on the number and quality of the speakers, how they’re installed, and the design and materials of the vehicle interior they’re used in. In addition, you can tilt the display upward in small increments to make it easier to see or to compensate for higher or lower placements in the car’s dash. For many, though, the biggest upgrade with a product like this is a better ability to get driving directions by using your phone’s navigation system—whether Google Maps, Apple Maps, or Waze—to see the map, route, and detailed traffic info on the stereo’s large, in-dash display. However, an adapter is required. So far, this inconvenience is just something you have to live with when using these systems. With CarPlay, navigation couldn’t be easier. Navigation systems from car manufacturers are pretty hit or miss in terms of quality, accuracy, and user-friendliness. If you have an iPhone 5 or newer running iOS 7.1 or newer, then your phone is compatible with CarPlay. Luckily, Apple makes its own car infotainment software called Apple CarPlay. Both models come with built-in Garmin navigation, a CD/DVD player, HD Radio, satellite radio compatibility, variable color adjustments for customizing the controls’ backlighting, and dual video inputs for connecting multiple cameras. These include our previous top pick, the Pioneer AVH-W4400NEX, and two of our previous single-DIN picks, the Pioneer AVH-3400NEX and AVH-3300NEX. The Best Fully-Loaded Touchscreen Car Stereo: Kenwood DNX997XR 6.8" CD/DVD Garmin Navigation Touchscreen Receiver w/ Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. And some vehicles have the stereo so seamlessly integrated into the car’s dash that it’s hard to tell what size it is. If you like listening to live radio podcasts and want to receive notifications from the NBA, MLB, or NFL games, this app is the best choice. The AVH-W4500NEX is one of only a handful of stereos that let you connect to CarPlay or Android Auto wirelessly (all models let you connect through a USB cord). Otherwise, the two are virtually identical stereos. In addition, its display is more attractive and customizable than those of other models we tested. A more budget-friendly choice from Pioneer is the MVH1400NEX which is similar to the a forementioned Sony unit and does not offer wireless CarPlay. Our previous upgrade pick, the Kenwood DNX694S, and the newer Kenwood DNX695S are very similar models. And of course the slide-out mechanism adds mechanical complexity—and thus the potential for more things to go wrong down the road. It also has a capacitive display that, unlike our pick’s resistive screen, lets you use multi-finger gestures, such as pinching to zoom on a map display. The clever modular structure of this thoroughly modern unit means customers get all the... 2. It has an in-built Bluetooth system for hands-free calling when driving, and music streaming. Just ask and the Siri digital assistant will do the work for you. Because the Kenwood and JVC brands are owned by the same company—JVCKenwood Corporation—the JVC KW-M845BW is similar to the Kenwood DMX905S, above, with wireless Android Auto and only minor design differences. The 10 Best Apple CarPlay Apps. Pioneer AVH-3300NEX – Universal Fitting Apple Car Play Stereo; 4. Icons such as music, maps, podcast, radio, text messages, audiobooks. With that setup, you can use any iPhone 5 and later model with iOS 7.1 or higher with Apple CarPlay. This is a value choice in aftermarket Apple CarPlay receivers with the basics of what you need in a modern car infotainment system. You can also connect an optional Pioneer navigation system, or use an optional iDatalink Maestro adapter to integrate the stereo with your car’s steering-wheel controls or other features. They are minor updates to our now-unavailable past picks. Audiosport can hook you up with a new Apple CarPlay at our Escondido location. The display isn’t as customizable. On its rear side, the AVH-W4500NEX has a number of inputs and outputs that give you a lot of extra functionality. Unfortunately, iPhones with 30-pin connectors and iPads are not compatible with this automotive technology. Apple CarPlay allows iPhone users to make hands-free calls, use maps, listen to music, and get access to messages at a word or touch. Weblinks compatibility with Alexa makes distraction-free web surfing possible. We had no trouble connecting to CarPlay and Android Auto through a USB cord. We checked to see how easily they connected, and if they would automatically reconnect after we turned the stereo off and back on. Pioneer MVH-2300NEX Video Receiver with Apple CarPlay; 4. Sony XAV-AX5000 digital multimedia receiver — Savvy smartphone receiver that offers Android Auto and Apple CarPlay. Before modern car infotainment systems exploded in popularity, single DIN was the standard size for a car stereo head unit measuring 2×7”. Learn more. With many receivers, there’s a setup you go through the first time you boot it up after it’s installed. But a minor gripe we have with all such systems is that when you begin using one phone for Apple CarPlay or Android Auto, the second one no longer routes audio through the stereo, even if a call comes in on the second phone. Luckily, aftermarket CarPlay receivers come in both single DIN and double DIN varieties. According to Kenwood’s Seth Halstead, drivers can also connect other accessories, such as an add-on forward-collision warning system. Pioneer AVIC-W8400NEX (best wireless apple carplay stereo) Are you looking for the best apple carplay stereo options? In our testing, we also found that a Wi-Fi connection drew a little more of the phone’s battery power than using Bluetooth, but the difference wasn’t significant. With the right speakers and installation, we’re confident that any of the models we tested will deliver audio quality that will satisfy or even impress most drivers. © 2020 Car Fix Book. This one has both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto capabilities and you can use wireless Apple CarPlay which means no messing around with USB cables. The Besign BK01 is the best way to add Bluetooth audio to your car via an aux-in jack, but we also have picks for FM transmitters and speakerphones. 7 Best Apple Carplay Stereos – Review. A good premium choice for aftermarket CarPlay units is the Pioneer AVH-W4500NEX. But as with the iLX-107, we often had to hunt and peck to find what we wanted in the menus. With the help of stereo, you do not have to be worried about a new device or connector to match devices. And the winner is PIONEER MVH-1400NEX – the best aftermarket Apple Carplay stereo for the money. And it retracts back into the head unit when you turn off the radio or simply want to hide it while listening to audio. Who’ll be in the golden middle of price and features to become the best apple carplay stereo? (Our picks had not been publicly announced at the time of Cardenas’s 2017 interview, and it in no way informed our decision to recommend Pioneer radios this year.). We have actually obtained a significant action on our list recently, so below is a major upgrade with 10 most prominent Apple Carplay Stereo runner-ups. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. The XAV-AX100 also isn’t set up for an iDatalink adapter, for using a car’s steering-wheel controls or other functions. Like all of the stereos we tested, the AVH-W4500NEX comes with an external microphone, which makes it easier to use Siri and Google Assistant voice commands in CarPlay and Android Auto. We pinched, zoomed, swiped, and recentered every map. Also called “mech-less receivers,” DMRs don’t include a disc player, focusing primarily on streaming media. The Sony XAV-AX100 remains our budget pick, but because it’s also being phased out, we’ll be doing a new round of testing soon. The Pioneer AVIC-8201NEX is very similar to our upgrade pick, but without its wireless capability for CarPlay and Android Auto; you need to plug in with a USB cord. A double DIN stereo was double the height measuring 4×7”. It has Apple CarPlay, Bluetooth, a touchscreen monitor, and it even has some neat safety features like automatically turning the volume down when you put the car in reverse to cut down on distraction. Playing your music couldn’t be easier thanks to the CarPlay interface that makes it a breeze to search for the artist, album, or song you want to hear. Most important, we were sure to run multiple functions at once on each unit, because one of the reasons for using CarPlay or Android Auto is to make it safer and easier to multitask while driving: For both CarPlay and Android Auto, we made and received phone calls while playing audio and running a navigation system from the phone. If your calendar shows a meeting or an appointment that you’re going to, just tap it on the screen and it will give you turn-by-turn directions to get there along with an estimated time of arrival. It’s hard to talk about car audio without talking about Sony. The best double din head unit is the Touchscreen Pioneer AVH4200NEX, which has built-in Bluetooth functionality and wireless mirroring for Android or Apple smartphones. The best Apple CarPlay head units you can buy 1. Here we go: Alpine ILX-107, 7 inch Mech less with Wireless Apple CarPlay Stereo. For many drivers thinking about adding CarPlay to their car, this is one of the best buys out there. First of all, the interface of this item is quite interactive … It also provides advanced quality Bluetooth connectivity, which uses wideband speech capability. The device comes as standard with wiring harness, a Bluetooth mic, USB cable, and manual. However, receivers with wireless CarPlay capabilities are often more expensive. We focused mainly on each stereo’s features, ease of use, and ergonomics. On paper, it looks great, and perhaps could be the “best” head unit available. Pioneer DEH-S6100BS – Good Single Din Carplay Stereo; 3. With Wi-Fi, it dropped to 96 and 93 percent. Through two rounds of testing, we researched about 70 replacement car stereos, from nine brands, that run Apple CarPlay or Android Auto. Android users are not left out with Android auto. This makes it hard to just pop in a new one and have it look the same. One of the best overall aftermarket Apple CarPlay systems is the There are also options from other big audio brands like Kenwood, Alpine, Clarion, and JVC that should all be considered by shoppers looking to bring smartphone integration to their car, truck, or SUV. What Is Stitcher And How Does It Work? The additional features tack a couple hundred dollars onto the price, so we recommend this model only if you need them. Car infotainment systems can be very frustrating. The screen automatically retracts when the stereo is turned off. It has an AM/FM tuner. An SXM version that includes a SiriusXM tuner as part of a package is currently being sold. Whether you have a single-din or double-din stereo, there are aftermarket options for bringing some of the latest automotive technology to your car. And, compared with the Pioneer AVH-W4500NEX, this Sony lacks the extra functionality of a CD/DVD player, satellite-radio capability, and the ability to customize the buttons’ illumination to complement your vehicle’s interior. In other words; how well will an aftermarket stereo with features like CarPlay communicate with my car? It’s Android Auto, and Apple Car Play feature organizes media, phone texts, and navigation apps in a clean interface and easily accessible way via voice control. The Pioneer AVH-W4500NEX is one of the few car stereos that let you connect your phone to Apple CarPlay or Android Auto either wirelessly or through a USB cord, which provides a lot more versatility. First off, this is the best price you are going to get for this device, and that is a huge plus seeing the much value packed into it. The AVH-W4500NEX has wireless CarPlay and Android Auto. It could also block air vents in the dash. We compared the specs, features, and pricing of each, and chose 19 of the most promising models for hands-on testing. Both apps worked seamlessly in our testing, but they don’t have the wireless connection that we like in our pick—with the Sony, you have to connect your phone through a USB cord. It has the same relatively large, but tactile-less buttons along the bottom. You may not normally think of having your calendar in your car as being very important, but the calendar app can give you a quick glance at your day while you’re on the road. The Pioneer AVH-2550NEX takes our Best DVD Receiver award for those parents out there that want Apple CarPlay, Android Auto, and a great list of stereo features while still being able to send DVD video to the kids in the back seat. The next best Apple CarPlay stereo on our list is a fantastic option for anyone looking for a larger display screen with all the bells and whistles. Whether you want Apple CarPlay for effortless navigation, safer calling and texting, endless music and podcast possibilities, or if you just like the idea of having Siri in your car, then upgrading your car stereo to an aftermarket Apple CarPlay stereo is well worth it and you won’t know how you lived without it. He avidly encourages the development of any technology that makes using a phone in the car easier and safer, and has been using Android Auto since it was introduced in 2015. And with iOS 14, CarPlay introduces all-new app categories and custom wallpapers for your CarPlay Dashboard. Kenwood KDC-138U – Cheapest Apple Carplay Stereo; 5. As when using the digital assistants on our phones, we could easily stream music and input destinations by using voice commands, and could choose playlists and albums, and even quickly switch between Pandora and Spotify, without touching the screen. The Pioneer MVH1400NEX is a device which has a 6.2-inch, 800 x 400 resolution bright touchscreen. It has a capacitive display, although pinching-and-zooming didn’t work in Google Maps. Alpine iLX-107. Why it won. It has wireless Apple Car Play and Android Auto, so you can just get on the road without needing first to pause and plug in your phone. The best apple carplay stereo is non other than Sony’s XAV-AX100 and even though Sony launched the AX200 as its successor, the XAV-AX100 is still a … Using your phone as a nav system occupies your screen and consumes data, but it can save you a substantial amount of money—a built-in nav system can add thousands to a vehicle’s price, or it can add hundreds to the price of a stereo (plus, you may have to pay for map upgrades down the line). Being able to easily conduct hands-free calls, play music, send texts, or get directions, either by voice or by pressing a button or two on the stereo, means you’re less likely to pick up and use your phone while behind the wheel, which is one of the worst things you can do while driving (PDF). This receiver is the premium choice device of all those listed, costing about $500 plus. It is compatible with most media types; MP3, WMA, AAC, WAV, FLAC, DSD. Some of these systems are also more affordable than you might expect. Android Auto displays cards for active functions that you can slide with your finger and easily switch from one to another. Kenwood 2-DIN in-Dash DVD/CD/AM/FM Car Stereo (DDX9703S) 3. It also isn’t designed to connect to an iDatalink adapter to work with your car’s steering-wheel controls and other features. The USB port can also be used to charge all USB devices. The receiver also has some features like Weblink and Miracast, Radio tuner, and Bluetooth, practically covering all connectivity bases. 7 Best Apple Carplay Stereo Reviews. These aren’t your only choices for aftermarket Apple CarPlay receivers. REVIEW; DETAILS; Like many in its class, the Alpine iLX-107 (around $590) offers wireless phone mirroring for hands-free texting, music streaming, and maps. We switched between functions to see how quickly and easily we could get to what we wanted. We also carefully checked each of the unit’s core functions, from operating the radio (changing stations, setting presets, and adjusting the volume) to using the hands-free phone features (checking and dialing contacts and receiving calls). Instead, it has a thick lip across the bottom of the screen that protrudes about half an inch from the display, and houses several large plastic buttons that provide some tactile feedback. Moreover, a 2013 report by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (PDF) includes findings from the often-cited 100-Car Study (conducted by the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute and NHTSA) that shows that a driver who is reading or dialing a handheld device is about three times more likely to be in a crash or near-crash. You can easily change the hue of the hard-button illumination, choosing from five main colors, having them rotate through the colors, or setting your own customized color. And we liked that while navigating with the map on the screen we could still see our AV source along the bottom of the screen, and vice versa. Once your iPhone is connected to the XAV-AX1000, you will be able to access everything on your phone from the large touchscreen. *At the time of publishing, the price was $300. This responsive nature offers safety to drivers, as they do not have to keep their eyes from the road for too long. We scrolled through the settings menus of every unit, looking for shortcuts to make things easier. It depends. Skip to the best car stereos with apple carplay on Amazon. With wireless connectivity and an intuitive interface, this Pioneer model makes it easier than other stereos to stream music, navigate to a destination, and message by voice through your phone, while keeping distractions to a minimum. It has compatibility with iDatalink Maestro and can display engine performance data on the screen. It could be another good budget choice, but it’s sparse on features, compared with our other picks. The Pandora and Spotify apps were also flawless when using a Bluetooth connection. Some of them are more user-friendly than others and none of them seem to be as intuitive or user-friendly as an iPhone. It has wired remote output options and can deliver excellent reverse camera feed. Sony - 7" - Android Auto/Apple® CarPlay™ - Built-in Bluetooth - In-Dash Digital Media Receiver - Black User rating, 4.3 out of 5 stars with 342 reviews. And after researching more than 75 models and testing 19, we found that the Pioneer AVH-W4500NEX is the best replacement car stereo for drivers who want those features. And the CD/DVD-player slot is easy to access whether the screen is deployed or retracted. This is the best one in general. If you want a built-in navigation system (instead of needing to use your phone) or a capacitive multitouch display, though, we recommend our upgrade pick instead. © 2020 Wirecutter, Inc., A New York Times Company, the easiest and safest way to use your phone while driving. The JVC KW-M730BT, our previous runner-up, and the newer JVC KW-M740BT are almost identical models. This device makes navigation and communication easier on the road. It increases the volume when turned, launches sound control menus when pushed, and brings up voice command when the integrated button is held down. Shop Now. Switching between AV sources or different functions is usually a matter of pressing a button or two. TuneIn app is the best for your Apple Carplay stereo as it provides exceptional services to its users. The Kenwood worked well in our testing, but small usability details separated it from our top pick. The unit’s hard buttons are large enough to press easily, but they don’t have the nice tactile feel of the Pioneer models’. Best Apple Carplay Stereo for an Automobile (Reviews & Acquiring Overview by Specialist Sound Installers). Like that model, this Pioneer lets you connect to both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto either wirelessly or with a USB cord, which makes it more versatile and convenient than most other models. And you can’t connect this model to an iDatalink adapter for use with a car’s steering-wheel controls and other features. (Okay, we didn’t always get the exact playlist we requested—sometimes getting a more general one of a similar genre—but that’s an aspect of the apps themselves, not the stereo.). Our previous upgrade pick, the Pioneer AVIC-W8400NEX, is very similar to our new one, the AVIC-W8500NEX, and it’s still available at some retailers for a discounted price. The standard 7-by-4-inch double-DIN display is clear and sharp, with easy-to-read fonts and large on-screen buttons. Photo: Rik Paul, A stereo’s remote control is most useful when you’re playing music or a video while parked, or for a rear passenger to use while on the road. Many people have found Crutchfield’s customer service reps to be helpful in this area, as well, especially on more complicated installations that require secondary wiring harnesses for things like steering-wheel controls. The device works by linking up with your Android or iPhone when it is close by. CarPlay stereos are available in both single and double DIN sizes meaning that just about any car with a traditional single or double DIN head unit will be able to find an aftermarket CarPlay receiver that will work for them. It has also only three small, hard buttons, which offer less versatility and are more difficult to use than the Kenwood’s. They do not need to take their hands off the steering before getting alerts on Google maps, making calls, checking messages and sending replies, and using their music apps. In addition to requiring Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, here are other key features we looked for when deciding which models to test and recommend, starting with the most important. If you want the best features in an Apple CarPlay at the cheapest rate then the ATOTO CarPlay Stereo is your best choice. The device is compatible with external DVD or camera via AV input, and it plays AM/FM radio stations. However, on some higher-end receivers, you can do the whole thing wirelessly. Using NEX takes connectivity to the next level by bringing your favorite apps directly to the dashboard. This makes adjusting the volume quicker and easier than pressing a small button. New devices let you use Alexa while driving, but are they useful if you already have Siri or Google Assistant? After all, we’re still talking about a car stereo system so music is an important part of what CarPlay does. In addition to Wirecutter, his articles have appeared in The Christian Science Monitor, Consumer Reports, U.S. News & World Report, AAA, Alternet, the journal Nature Outlook, and Green Car Reports. Sony has recently released a lower cost CarPlay unit, the XAV-AX100. They show only the functions you’re likely to need from wherever you are, so icons remain large and easy to spot. You can set the app to automatically activate when the stereo is turned on, or do it manually by pressing a couple of on-screen buttons. Its 6.4-inch display is clear and responsive, although it’s smaller than most other models’. Furthermore, the device comes with a multifunctional rotary dial, which helps to foster distraction-free operation. Eric Evarts, who wrote the original version of this guide, has been reviewing new cars and their entertainment systems for more than 20 years. And you get full access to the phone’s digital assistant—Siri or Google Assistant—which means all of this and more can be done through voice commands. In addition, pressing the knob brings up a menu of sound-control options, and holding it in activates the voice-command system. The iLX-207 worked fine overall, and includes satellite radio compatibility, HD Radio, selectable illumination colors and wallpaper, and an HDMI input and output. Photo: Rik Paul. And if you ever don’t want to see the screen, you can retract it into the head unit and continue to listen to whatever audio source is playing. Apple CarPlay allows iPhone users to use Siri via the touchscreen to access icons on their phone. Miracast functions to mirror the screen of your phone to the device’s 6.94in display without needing a wired connection. 7. And it’s available at a reasonable price. Typically, you can tell which opening your car has by simply measuring the stereo. But, as with the JVC KW-M845BW, above, we had problems wirelessly connecting to Android Auto with our Pixel 2 XL test phone, and switching between two Bluetooth-paired phones wasn’t as seamless as with the Pioneers. $477.96. Apple Maps not only gets you where you need to go, but it can predict where you’re going to navigate to based on your calendar, contacts, emails, and messages. Our former also-great pick, the Alpine iLX-107, was the first replacement car stereo to offer a wireless connection to Apple CarPlay, although it doesn’t include Android Auto. You can connect an array of external devices, such as the supplied GPS antenna or an optional Sirius/XM tuner, backup camera, or rear-seat monitor. A sharp screen, intuitive controls, and a rare wireless connection to Apple CarPlay or Android Auto make it safer and easier to use your phone’s features while you’re driving. Shop for Apple CarPlay Car Stereo Receivers at Best Buy. The company is rolling out support for Apple CarPlay… In each case, we did our best to mimic all of the situations we’ve experienced while driving, to see how easy each model made it for us. As with Pioneer’s Here mapping, Garmin’s traffic data isn’t as comprehensive or accurate as that of Google Maps and Waze, though. As with our top pick, you can connect to both Apple CarPlay and Android Auto either wirelessly or with a USB cord. Pioneer. The Kenwood DMX7704S is very similar to the DMX905S, above, but lacks its wireless Android Auto capability and capacitive display. We’ll be doing a new round of testing to evaluate a selection of those models, as well as a number of less-expensive stereos to fill the shoes of our current budget pick, which is being phased out. We hear all the time about the dangers of texting and driving. If you need a single-DIN stereo: Pioneer AVH-3500NEX, one of the worst things you can do while driving, 2013 report by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, The Best Bluetooth Kits for Every Car Stereo, How to Reduce the Risks of Phone Use While Driving. It offers intuitive physical controls and a suite of extra features, including multiple input/output connections and a CD/DVD drive. Let’s find out just now. One tip for Android users: Because the Pioneer uses an internal Wi-Fi network for wireless use, before connecting to Android Auto that way, be sure to go into the Android Auto app settings on your phone and make sure the “Turn Wi-Fi off when Android Auto is running” setting is unchecked. As we explained in How we picked, using the built-in navigation instead of Google or Apple Maps can be especially useful in areas with poor cellular reception, where phone-based mapping is unreliable.