Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Common Name: Autumn Olive Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata (Thunb.) Elaeagnus umbellata. A single autumn olive plant can produce an abundant annual crop of edible fruits (to 80 pounds) containing up to 200,000 seeds. The Elaeagnus genus (Autumn Olive, Goumi, Silverberry, and Trebizond Date) consists of shrubs and trees that produce fruits with remarkable qualities. Where not illegal, it remains an invasive plant that should not be planted or grown in any residential area (particularly in the central and eastern U.S.) where it is likely to spread. Leaves are alternate along the stems, ovate to lanceolate, with smooth margins. Bark on older trunks peels in long, thin, narrow strips. Fully ripe fruits are juicy, sweet and tart, and may be eaten fresh off the shrub, dried or cooked (pies, jams or preserves).The genus name Elaeagnus comes from the Greek words elaia meaning "olive tree" and agnos meaning "chaste" or "pure".The specific epithet ubellata comes from the Latin word umbellatus meaning "bearing umbels" in reference to the flowers appearing in axillary umbels. N.C. Summary. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Used extensively for wildlife habitat, strip mine revegetation, and shelter belts, autumn olive thrives in disturbed areas open to full sun. Seeds are dispersed by birds. This is a nitrogen-fixing shrub/small tree that tolerates a wide variety of soils including poor unfavorable ones. The leaves are alternate, dark green (young leaves have silvery scales) with entire but wavy margins. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 4-9 where it is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Silver scales are apparent on leaves, buds, and stems. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is invasive in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest. Native to central Asia, it can tolerate very high summer temperature and low winter temperatures. Europe and northern Asia. A member of the Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb is also known by its common name of Autumn Olive. Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Tiny, fragrant, silvery owers in fall. Invasive Species Specialist Group. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16â tall and to 20-30â wide. Autumn Olive fruit is red or amber and nutrient rich. Rapid growth, vigorous growing habits, showy-edible fruits and attractive appearance led the U.S. University of Georgia. Silvery yellow-white flowers and silvery fruit. Goumi or Gumi scientifically known as Elaeagnus multiflora are the fruit of the deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub of the Elaeagnaceae family. Elaeagnus umbellata is a thorny shrub native to Asia. From May to June, it is adorned with very beautiful yellowish white flowers, very fragrant and honey. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. Where is this species invasive in the US. The fruit contains high amounts of lycopene. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It is illegal to purchase, sell or cultivate this shrub in some areas. Bloom Description: Slivery white to dull yellow. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales (and a few brown scales) and the fruit is red and juicy. Description Appearance. Habitats. The Goumi plant is grown in some places for its edible fruit though predominantly it is grown as an ornamental shrub. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Autumn Olive. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium... Synonyms. It threatens native species by out-competing them and interfering with natural nutrient cycling and plant succession. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. Japanese beetles and 17 year locusts feed on the leaves. It commonly bears sharp thorns in the form of spur branches. I am beginning a fews threads on trees that I would enjoy documenting the process of. Leaves are alternate, simple and vary in size. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide. Their attractive silvery foliage also makes them useful as a large specimen shrub. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The unripe berry is silvery yellow. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. I reaaaally enjoy silverberries (which I found out JUST this year).. mmmm thorns and flowers pique my interest. Invasive features of this shrub outweigh its ornamental assets. Elaeagnus macrophylla â an evergreen shrub, with young, silvery leaves that turn dark green and typically fragrant flowers in autumn, followed by edible fruits in late spring. This shrub is now listed as an invasive species in a number of States in the central and eastern U.S. including several States where it has been banned for sale, distribution or cultivation. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Autumn Olive - Elaeagnus umbellata ï»¿- â¬10 per plant or â¬13 - 'Brilliant Rose' cultivar The Autumn Olive is fast growing has Nitrogen Fixing capabilities and when planted with fruit trees is said to increase the overall yield of the orchard by 10% whilst themselves producing a yield of delicious berries. symbol: ELUM Leaf: Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, 1 to 1 1/2 inches wide, lanceolate in shape with an entire margin. Plants have naturalized over time with the current U.S. habitat now primarily including disturbed areas, thickets, forest margins, meadows, fields, roadsides, and fencerows in the central and eastern U.S. Several woody stems/trunks rise up from the base of this shrub, with the largest trunks eventually maturing to as much as 6” in diameter. We used this plant to stabilize and revegetate road banks and also for strip mine reclamation. In areas where it is not considered to be invasive, it can be used as an effective background plant, screen or informal hedge. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as E. Asia - China, Japan, Himalayas. These recommendations were quickly retracted, however, as soon as the invasive characteristics of the plant became better known. It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. It has very beautiful bluish green foliage with silver cuffs which turns yellow in autumn. The ripe berries of the autumn olive tree are crimson in color and have a sweet yet pleasantly tart flavor, making them ideal for use in both savory dishes and dessert recipes. It is native to China, Japan and Korea. Arching trunks produce arching branches which often dip to the ground. The plant is native to China, Korea and Japan. Kartesz and Meacham recognize the variety Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. It grows in a range of habitats, including forest edges, savannas, pastures, and prairies. This shrub is native to Asia and was introduced into the U.S. in the 1830's. 2020 Invasive Plant Factsheet: Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Autumn Olive's high seed production, as well as its adverse affect on the nitrogen cycle, now threaten native plant communities in many national parks in Virginia. Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus umbellata (shrub, tree) IUCN. Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Physical Characteristics. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Autumn olive is a shrub or small tree that has distinctively silvery leaves. They are high in vitamin A and E, bioactive compounds, minerals, flavonoids and proteins. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Introduced to the U.S. from Asia, autumn olive is a fast-growing woody shrub or tree that can attain 20 feet in height. This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or single trunked tree can grow to 20â or more in height. When planted right and in the right spot Elaeagnus shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and care for. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. parvifolia (Royle) Schneid. Flower: Bell-shaped, 1/2 inch long, very fragrant, lacking petals, yellow-white, appearing in spring. Elaeagnus umbellata is a many-branched, deciduous shrubby tree that can grow from 10 to 16 feet.
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