The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Verbena officinalis .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Vervain, or Verbena as it can be known, is native to South East Europe and was likely introduced here in Neolithic times, so has been long naturalised. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine. The plant tends to make a dense crown that can even become a ground cover in some instances. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. It grows +2 ft/35-80cm tall. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. It was widely cultivated as a medicinal herb in medieval gardens and has escaped often. Sow seeds indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area, and transplant the seedlings into outdoor beds once the soil warms up. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Overall, growing verbena from seed is easy and can save you money on your annuals. Vervain is also known as: Leaves edible in green color in elliptic shape. Apply in spring and again following the occasional trims needed for optimum bloom. Verbena bonariensis is a unique plant loved by fans of prairie-style planting and by butterflies and pollinators. The verbena flower is not particular about soil, except that it must be well-draining. Anti-inflammatory. Growing from seed: Verbena transplants are widely available at garden centers in the spring, but you can also grow some types from seed, with the exception of sterile verbena hybrids. If humidity is high in your area in summer, choose perennial verbena for a better summer show. Bees love it, and planting herbs for our busy little sisters is always a good idea--a bee-filled garden is a happy garden. After the plant establish cut freely from the plant, possible with the stem or just in the end of the leaf, Information about leaves: Elliptic leaves in green color, Uses of Verbena officinalis leaves: Beverage, Planting Season: Spring Planting, Summer planting, Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants, Part shade Plants, Climates that the plant can grow: Subtropics Climate, Temperate Climate, Growing speed of the plant: Average growing plants, Fast growing plants, Plant life-form: Deciduous, Perennial plant, Shrub, Plant Uses: Edible plants, Fragrance, Medical uses, Ornamental plants, Requirements for watering the plant: Big amount of water, Regularly water, Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 4, Hardiness zone 5, Hardiness zone 6, Hardiness zone 7, Hardiness zone 8, Hardiness zone 9, Ornamental parts: Ornamental flower, Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant, Blooming season: Spring flowers, Summer flowers, Flower colors: Blue flower, Pink flower, Purple flower, Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Spring Harvest, Summer Harvest. Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or autumn The focal plant of this blog is Blue vervain, but it will also cover some of its close relatives including those that have been used in a similar medicinal manner. Planting verbena, whether annual or perennial types, ensures summer flowers when it is planted in the sunniest and possibly driest area of the garden. Leave the old stems and seedheads on for winter interest, then cut right back in early spring as the new shoots are emerging. It wants at least six hours of sunlight a day, prefers well-drained soil but isn’t picky about the quality of the soil, and needs about an inch of rain a week. Leaves edible in green color in elliptic shape. Vervain starts out as a small compact clump of fairly large leaves which are deeply divided almost forming leaflets. Ithaca, NY Botanical Notes. Common Vervain Genus:Verbena officinalis Pronunciation: (Vur-BEE-nuh off-fiss-ih-NAL-iss) Family: Verbenaceae Perennial; Hardy in Zones 4 through 8. Headaches 2. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. Verbena is also drought tolerant, making it a great choice for rock gardens and for planting in cracks between stones. What is the best way to start growing? Blue vervain and the other plants in this blog are in … To master the planting method of Verbena officinalis L., you must first choose the land suitable for planting Verbena officinalis L.. Before planting Verbena officinalis L., first choose a thick loam or sandy soil, and then plow, the depth of plowing is about 18-25 cm, and then apply 2000-2500 kg of decomposed farm manure per mu as base fertilizer. Hardy to Zones 4 to 8 (European Vervain, Herb of the Cross, Prostrate Verbena) Light blue to white flowered herbaceous perennial. As soon as the first leaves appear, thin to 1¼ to 1½ inches (3 to 4 cm). Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. The verbena flower is not particular about soil, except that it must be well-draining. Verbena officinalis growing shrub‎ of the genus Verbena also known as Common verbena or Vervain, Verbena officinalis perennial deciduous plant, used as medical and edible plant (for the leaves) and also used as ornamental plant and for the scent, can grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9. If you’re searching for long lasting blooms that perform during the hottest days of summer heat, consider planting the verbena flower (Verbena officinalis). When planted in proper verbena growing conditions, expect blooms the first season. No, Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing, Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water, Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full sun / Half shade, Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Verbena (/ v ər ˈ b iː n ə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae.It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants.The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. 1. Lemon Balm . This perennial plant prospers quite far north (zone 3) but does not like the Deep South. Broadcast seeds and cover the seeds in a shallow layer of seedling soil mix. Perennial varieties of the verbena flower are often lost when planted in soil that becomes soggy following heavy winter snow or spring rain. When planting verbena, remember to water, fertilize and trim for long lasting color in the summer garden and beyond. Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction, Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. Spring / Summer / Autumn / Winter, General information about the flower: Blue, purple or pink with five petals that grow on bloom-stems, Leaves harvesting season: Spring / Summer / Autumn, How to harvest the leaves? While the verbena flower is drought resistant, the blooms are improved with regular watering of an inch or so each week. If you plant too early, seedlings may die in overly wet or cold weather. It is usually gathered from the wild both for local use and for sale, but is sometimes also cultivated. Repeat this step as needed when learning how to grow verbena successfully. Vervain, also known as verbena, Verbena officinalis, and herb of the cross, is a perennial herb native to Europe and Asia (1). Poor soil is acceptable for verbena growing conditions. Verbena officinalis growing shrub‎ of the genus Verbena also known as Common verbena or Vervain, Verbena officinalis perennial deciduous plant, used as medical and edible plant (for the leaves) and also used as ornamental plant and for the scent, can grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9. Continued blooms throughout the summer are possible if the gardener keeps the plant trimmed back. Blue vervain (Verbena hastata). And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. No, Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, Bloom season? The Medicinal Effects & Medicinal Uses. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". When blooms slow, trim the entire plant back by one fourth for a new show of flowers in two to three weeks. As the plant grows the leaves become smaller and more rounded and arranged oppositely on the stem. However, verbena plant care may not include weekly water if rainfall in your area has reached an inch or more. Physical Characteristics Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Verbena is a plant. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. As a member of the mint family, lemon balm spreads vigorously and can become invasive. General aches an… By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Lemon Verbena vs. Sowing medicinal vervain. To do this, cut about 2 inches (5.1 cm) off the ends of the plants where you want to control growth. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. Other common names vervain 'Bampton' . The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. grandiflora ‘Bampton’ in full sun, in moist, well-drained soil. As long as its soil is well drained, verbena will reward gardeners with countless clusters blooms all season long. ---Description---In England the Common Vervain is found growing by roadsides and in sunny pastures.It is a perennial bearing many small, pale-lilac flowers. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Growing Essentials Verbena is generally pretty happy-go-lucky. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) and lemon verbena have similar uses in the kitchen.Lemon balm is a hardy perennial and will return in the landscape each year in zones 3 to 7. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Native to Europe and the Mediterranean. Some are hesitant to remove parts of the plant regularly, but this is often necessary when planting verbena for summer blooms. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. A limited application of complete, slow-release fertilizer is also a part of verbena plant care. Research published in 2016 looked at the possible positive effects of vervain … While verbena species were all formerly circumscribed by the genus Verbena, a taxonomic revision has led to the placement of some species into the related genus Glandularia.The common garden verbena (Glandularia × hybrida, formerly Verbena hybrida) is a square-stemmed creeping plant that bears flat heads of phloxlike flowers in a range of colours. Poor soil is acceptable for verbena growing conditions. Verbena is the ideal plant to cascade over retaining walls, containers, baskets, and window boxes. The tall stiff stems tower gracefully above many other companion plants, growing up to 2m. The plant is often used in modern herbalism, where it has a wide range of applications. Antispasmodic (relaxant) Antipyretic (fever reducing) Diuretic (water reducer) Astringent (constrictive) Antibacterial. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. The leaves are opposite, and cut into toothed lobes. This is called tipping the plant… For best results, grow Verbena officinalis var. When to Plant Verbena Seeds Planning on the right time to sow seeds can make all the difference in the world between success and failure. The plant has no perfume, and is slightly bitter and astringent in taste. Family Verbenaceae . Sign up for our newsletter. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. Verbena can grow very quickly, so you may need to trim it back to control growth throughout the season. Good drainage can offset this problem. Perennial varieties of the verbena flower are often lost when planted in soil that becomes soggy following heavy winter snow or spring rain. Flower color can be: blue, purple or pink with five petals that grow on bloom-stems. You can do this about 2-3 times over the season or as needed. Verbena officinalis is a perennial plant growing up to 1 metre tall. When you are ready to learn how to grow verbena, you’ll want to locate this tough specimen where it gets eight to 10 hours of sun each day. While the majority of Verbena species are native to the Americas and Asia, Verbena officinalis, is native to Europe where it has been held in high esteem since classical antiquity both as a medicinal and divine plant. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. They bear clusters of bright purple flowers … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Improve drainage before planting verbena by working in well composted, organic material. Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. Butterflies like this plant too. Fertilize lightly following the trim and water well. In late spring to early summer long thin stalks arise from the plant in a … Water verbena plants at the base to avoid wetting the foliage. 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