He also believes that “political science” is the most important form of education. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. Plato set forth a five-fold classification to describe how the city ought to be governed. Plato's book, The Republic, deals with practical issues such as the nature of justice, the human condition, and the basis of societal order and political power.It is a treasure trove of ideas and has long been a central work in Western literature. In The Republic, Plato speaks through Socrates who is holding forth in discussion at a dinner party. Socrates - Socrates - Plato’s Apology: Although in none of Plato’s dialogues is Plato himself a conversational partner or even a witness to a conversation, in the Apology Socrates says that Plato is one of several friends in the audience. In book VIII of The Republic, Plato begins to describe several stages of government that are intolerable, yet unavoidable. One of the most influential methods of classifying governments can be found in Book IX of Plato’s "Republic." Plato's philosophical ideology had many social implications, especially on the idea of ideal state or government. To deal with the problem of justice, Plato considers the ideal polis, a collective unit of self-government, and the relationship between the structure of the Republic and the attainment of justice. Plato (c. 427-347 B.C.E.) They would, therefore, be the best kind … developed such distinct areas of philosophy as epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics. The gold class is composed of the very small minority of young adults who passed a behavioral exam evaluating them as philosophers. Mates, in Plato's Republic, would be chosen by a "marriage number" in which the quality of the individual would be quantitatively analyzed, and persons of high numbers would be allowed to procreate with other persons of high numbers. Plato: Political Philosophy. What is the difference between Head of State and Head of Government? This is where another form of government and the worst of all, comes to existence. Plato's book, The Republic, deals with practical issues such as the nature of justice, the human condition, and the basis of societal order and political power. Excellence and education … [1] Translated by Allan Bloom, The Republic of Plato, Second Edition, (United States: 1991), p. 221. RE :What type of government does plato advocate in his book the republic? If you want to know more about the allegory of the cave and the world of forms, I recommend this short book of around 40 pages that tells the story as close as Plato did and explains it at the same time in a … Focus. Aristocracy is the best and it keeps deteriorating from timocracy to oligarchy to democracy and then to the worst, tyranny. This is how the fifth, most repulsive stage of governance, tyranny, comes to being.[9]. Plato and Aristotle on the Family . Plato and Aristotle on the Family . [7] Although, someone obviously does rule and they are slightly richer than all the other population. Plato. Plato predicts a society with an enormous socioeconomic gap, where the poor remain poor and the rich become richer off the blood and sweat of others. And if we are to think in this manner, then perhaps democracy is simply the least damaging form of government we have been able to create over the course of human existence. ), the best possible kind of state is a "kallipolis," a type of government ruled by philosophers. ( Log Out /  Research Proposal on Plato's Republic Forms of Government in the Assignment One step lower than the perfect state, according to Aristotle, is a timocracy. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Similarly, timocracy degrades into an oligarchy. Plato / Aristotle: The debate of the Ancients (Aristocracy vs Democracy) ... For Aristotle, democracy rests on the government of each by all and all for each in turn. 1. [3] Translated by Benjamin Jowett, The Republic, Third Edition, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936), p.205, [4] Translated by Allan Bloom, The Republic of Plato, Second Edition, (United States: 1991), p. 222. Plato's dialogues describe different types of governing that might lead to peace based on its value, not on its factional benefits. The ruler has to be the best of philosophers and the best at war as mentioned earlier. Aristotle, A Treatise on Government: Hence it is evident that a city is a natural production, and that man is naturally a political animal, and that whosoever is naturally and not accidentally unfit for society, must be either inferior or superior to man: thus the man in Homer, who is reviled for being "without society, without law, without family." These intellectuals wold be trained in the art of governing. not necessarily the most knowledgeable person, to be elected and therefore not the best person to be a government official and serve the people of the state. article continues after advertisement In a later book, the Statesman, Plato contends that there are three forms of government other than true government: monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy… “Plato” meant “broad,” possibly an allusion to his wide shoulders or forehead, or to the wide scope of learning he possessed. Oligarchy just naturally evolves from timocracy because a nation indulged in war will accumulate a lot of wealth and it will lose its respect for excellence. For instance, his theory of Ideal Forms and his theory about psyche or soul also establish his political theory. If you do not take an interest in the affairs of your government, then you are doomed to live under the rule of fools. Ramble. Yet he also made notoriously negative remarks about the value of writing. [8] Translated by Allan Bloom, The Republic of Plato, Second Edition, (United States: 1991), p. 243. In Plato's Republic, Plato's view on government is that a successful government is contingent on having the ruler with the best mind. [2] Translated by Lenora Cohen, Alexandre Koyre’s Discovering Plato, (New York: Columbia University press, 1945), p. 53. Democracy takes birth when rich have made the poor loathe them and love of revolution begins to spring amongst poor. The insatiable desire of freedom forms a nation where teachers fear students and children fight parents. This is a realistic guide to governing effectively from the moral view of reasons of state. The best form of government, he argued, was an aristocratic model based on the ruler ship of philosopher kings. According to Plato (428 B.C.-348 B.C. Pingback: Plato, Aristotle and Machiavelli On Politics and Its Reflection On Philippine Politics – Lest We Forget. Enjoy life. Aristocracy in the sense of government (politeia) is advocated in Plato's Republic. The few rich people will begin to rule and suppress the poor. They are Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. Plato - Plato - Dialogue form: Glimpsed darkly even through translation’s glass, Plato is a great literary artist. What type of government has a king or queen that holds all the power? Plato’s Republic is a Socratic dialogue concerning justice in the context of examining the character of the just man and the order of a just polity.. Aristocracy is the form of government advocated in Plato's Republic. The Republic is consider by many to be Plato's masterwork. This form of government is one in which the ruler is more involved in warfare, hence, a government of honor comes to being. Plato declares societies have a tripartite class structure matching the structure of the individual soul. When Plato died, in 347 B.C., after Philip II of Macedonia had begun his … The ruler is honored by public and this makes it similar to an aristocracy but the state is involved more into warfare. But Plato's idealism went a good deal farther. Plato believed to have good society, especially in democracy, which is why this is so hard to achieve, one must look at a more virtous structure of government/society therefore creating more just citizens. He was especially influenced by Socrates , but after Athens lost the twenty-seven year Peloponnesian War with Sparta, Socrates came under suspicion and was eventually condemned to death. Plato knew that such an establishment would foster social advancement and a progressively steady government, and he presided over the Academy until his death in 347 BC. Plato. The ruler has to be the best of philosophers and the best at war as mentioned earlier. Plato’s theory of communism is just opposite to Marxian theory of communism that seeks to eventually establish a classless and hence stateless society, as according to it … ( Log Out /  [6] This brings chaos and inequality which causes a state involved in warfare. Question: What type of government did Plato believe in? What system of government did Plato recommend in The Republic? He overthrows the rulers and when he has defended democracy and is no longer required, he keeps bringing fake problems to make the people feel that they need him. Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a harder battle. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. This occurs when the ideal State moves towards a more materialistic paradigm. Therefore some revolutionists rise and either kill or exile the rich rulers, forming a new, just government with freedom as their priority. It is called aristocracy or government of the best. Plato: The Dialogue Form - Republic. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived during the fourth century B.C. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] This ideal is most identifiable as a philosophic meritocratic aristocracy or monarchy. [1] Plato was more of a political philosopher and all his other theories were in some ways helping his theories on politics. The Republic Book VIII begins when Plato has already arrived to his conclusion for the best form of government. 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