Some home plans with more intricate corners (I’m look at you courtyards!) How To Read an Architect Scale Ruler An engineering scale or architect scale ruler is essential for measuring distances for every part of a scaled-down design in an architectural drawing, blueprint or orthographic projection. Lay out your building on the site by either the above referenced plan or the measurements given on the site plan. The scale factor is commonly expressed as 1:n or 1/n, where n is the factor. This might look like this: (11' 5. The 45-degree tick marks are drawn in a consistent direction. A three-dimensional desk for example, may be expressed as 25" X 82" X 39" which means the desk is 25 inches wide by 82 inches long and 39 inches tall. Now measure that to see how long that is in inches. Remember what exact element of construction you are using for your layout. Look at house plan books or online to get an idea of the lines, measurements, and basic appearance of plans. How comfortable would you be taking a road trip if you didn’t have a totally accurate reading of the fuel in the tank (or charge in the battery for our electric vehicle readers)? Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 594,492 times. The side shown below shows a 1/4":1' scale going from right to left (on the other end of this side but not shown is the 1/8":1' scale). An Architect's or scale ruler is designed for use in determining the actual dimensions of a distance on a scaled drawing. The measurements and sizes also help you judge the size of beds, sofa sets and the dining table. Object Measurements. Establish the elevation you will work from. Measurements are read from both ends of the scale. Architectural sets often include a range of different drawings, such as building plans for each floor level, electrical plans, reflected ceiling plans, elevations, sections, construction details and internal elevations for individual rooms. Many cover sheets will also include a drawing of the finished product, showing you what the house will look like after it is constructed and landscaped. endobj Measurement Worksheets Measurement Worksheets for Practice. The English system, however, can be kind of confusing- fractions, units, and symbols. Such similarities allow us to provide high quality scenery elements for architectural models. Then compare those measurements to rooms in … To read an architect's drawings, start by looking at the plan index, which should include a key for reading any abbreviations used as well as a scale bar so you know the size of the structures in the drawings. In a commercial project, what items are typically called out for shop drawings? Special pages found in the electrical plan pages may be "riser" details, showing the configuration of power supply wiring, panel schedules, identifying specific breaker amperages and circuits, and notes regarding types and gauges of wires and conduit sizes. 2 0 obj You see, architectural drawings like house plans are drawn to a particular scale. or turns in the layout will provide additional elevations to provide detail in areas otherwise obstructed in the standard elevations. Mentally note this number and be sure to 'round down' even if you are close to the next number. ... How to Read a Floor Plan ... scale is useful when the drawing gets reduced or enlarged or otherwise altered so that putting a ruler on the plan to measure … He will be able to accurately construct an architect’s architectural concept and design into a realistic building structure. %���� In the manufacturing industry, this standard … wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Once you move into reading the actual architectural sheets, it’s important to know that architectural plans are labeled with an A (A 001 or A1-X, A2-X, etc.). This page is very similar to the cover of a book. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. This will feature things like the date the drawings were created, the name of the project, the drawing page number (A101, E101, etc. View fullsize. The drafter's ruler (also called an architect's scale) has three sides with one or two scales along each of its six edges. �[oҍ�J�m;o҃A���FO��d�m;X���r�I�S��T�j¥7e2�Y)�UZ��d���)wS�*�e9S�-~�&�Jv� �����*|�6��!d�mM����d>W���Z]�_mb��^�A�i�y��Z�յt�9.%eګ�����#ԚFo�� In scientific and engineering terminology, a device to measure linear distance and create proportional linear measurements is called a scale. Click each point you want to measure. These are incredibly helpful for all involved, especially at the preliminary design stage. This may include wood or metal studs, concrete masonry units, or structural steel. For instance: a note "4-127" may refer to a type of Masonry, as Division 4 represents Masonry. Architectural sheets describe and give measurements for the electrical systems, plumbing, floor and ceiling plans, building sections, wall sections and other aspects of the building design. Then, use the info in the index to help you examine the floor plans and other drawings. When it runs out of gas, it stops dead in the road. Your site plan or architectural floor plan should have a, Use your plan to measure the location of each corner of the building, including offsets. When it comes to construction and craftsmanship, taking accurate measurements can be the difference between a great finished product and a subpar one. When a job has been fully constructed, redlines are usually provided back to the drafter. Even single family homes often have specifications. This sheet will show the size, thickness, and elevation of footings (footers), with notes regarding the placement of reinforcing bars (rebar). The other scales are used to make reduced drawings. This post will cover how to read your floor plans. %PDF-1.4 Fines are also issued. The items which will not be demolished, such as trees, will be noted in the keynotes. If you had house plans that had 1/4":1' written near the page title, you would use this part of the architect's scale. (40-6325, 40-6316) Lower numbers on the bottom. Note: most half size drawings do not state they are half size or other. Dimension strings are drawn parallel to the element with 45º “hash marks” at each end of the dimension string indicating where the measurement starts and ends. Topographical information. Merriam Webster’s states that a measured drawing is “an architectural scale drawing of an existing structure.” The measured drawing is a snapshot of the architectural context at the time of documentation, meaning that architects record the dimensional, material, and structural details of the building and delineate these qualities “true to nature.” 3. Blueprints use a ratio or scale to show that the image is smaller or larger than the actual size. The intermediate structural framing plans. 4 0 obj ), the architect's company logo, etc. Architectural Measurements or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. "OFCI" or "GFCI" (Owner Furnished, Contractor Installed, or Government Furnished, Contractor Installed) indicate the item is supplied by the customer, but installed by the contractor. By using a scale we can draw the whole building on a certain sized piece of paper while still showing all the required details. The most common scale measurements are indicated as a ratio of fractions of an inch--or inches--to feet, and read from both left to right and right to left. These lines break down the scale you are using into inches. Most architectural, construction and engineering drawings and blueprints are scaled to allow for large areas, structures or items to conveniently fit on a reasonable size of paper. Even if your car had a fuel gauge that was only updated weekly, the car has one advantage over your projects. The term ‘technical drawing’ has a very broad meaning, referring to any drawing that conveys the way that something functions or how it is constructed. The elevations specify roof & ridge heights, the finished ground heights of the site, exterior finishes, roof pitches, fence locations and other details that are necessary to give the house its exterior architectural styling. These are 2d drawings that are packed with information, and many people have difficulty understanding how to read these drawings. This will ensure the sample drawings will measure accurately. Since 1996 I have worked from my home office and provide full architectural services exclusively to the single family residential market. Be careful your set of drawings are "original size," since many sets of plans are provided in "full" and "half" size sets, you will are able to scale distances with full size drawings without needing to calculate the scale via drafting rulers. c�ک���vS�+��ߴSieO!���� ��bn�MZ.��3|HA����J�Bl ]-��G)��"�d'C��R`�̀�#�j��?S��e� ��cÃ�� ��j�7My�c�-.��^~��a}�E���Ɍ�Ij��h�zC�)v���V�٪��H���#��K����X���ӆU����N��'Ǭ��G�a��ݩ�J;�P�K�]������X� Y`� In my case, it measures to exactly 10-inches. This will indicate the material used for framing the building. <> Read a window size listed on a set of architectural drawings. Construction and fire protection equipment drawings must be interpreted with a high degree of accuracy. Divided into feet, inches, and fractions of inches. http://www.dongardner.com/help/house-plan-sets.aspx#1, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You see, architectural drawings like house plans are drawn to a particular scale. They are about the size of a standard ruler. Measurements - Size and Width, Furniture and Use. To learn about the different types of drawings you may encounter, keep reading! The letter denotes the plan series: A for architectural plans, S for structural engineering plans, E for electrical plans, M for mechanical plans, and P for plumbing plans. An architect, then, turns to the 1/4-inch calibrated portion of his ruler to determine the actual measurement. Measurements - Size and Width, Furniture and Use More detailed floor plans with dimensions include “dimension strings” to locate windows, doors, walls and other architectural elements. Drawn to a type of ruler that uses a ratio or scale ruler is important! Close to the cover of a standard ruler company logo, etc each with... Ruler that uses a ratio or scale ruler is an important fire protection drawings... Sized piece of equipment for mechanics and others who need exacting measurements have difficulty understanding how to these. 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Trusted how-to guides and videos for free available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on ad! Have your project built, you will need a comprehensive set of construction documents ( civil ) architect. 1000Mm when built building inspectors can stop work on any project that requires a permit and does have.